Evolution of the Southern Annular Mode during the past millennium

first_imgThe Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is the primary pattern of climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere1, 2, influencing latitudinal rainfall distribution and temperatures from the subtropics to Antarctica. The positive summer trend in the SAM over recent decades is widely attributed to stratospheric ozone depletion2; however, the brevity of observational records from Antarctica1—one of the core zones that defines SAM variability—limits our understanding of long-term SAM behaviour. Here we reconstruct annual mean changes in the SAM since AD 1000 using, for the first time, proxy records that encompass the full mid-latitude to polar domain across the Drake Passage sector. We find that the SAM has undergone a progressive shift towards its positive phase since the fifteenth century, causing cooling of the main Antarctic continent at the same time that the Antarctic Peninsula has warmed. The positive trend in the SAM since ~AD 1940 is reproduced by multimodel climate simulations forced with rising greenhouse gas levels and later ozone depletion, and the long-term average SAM index is now at its highest level for at least the past 1,000 years. Reconstructed SAM trends before the twentieth century are more prominent than those in radiative-forcing climate experiments and may be associated with a teleconnected response to tropical Pacific climate. Our findings imply that predictions of further greenhouse-driven increases in the SAM over the coming century3 also need to account for the possibility of opposing effects from tropical Pacific climate changes.last_img read more

Utah Men’s Tennis Announces 2018-19 Schedule

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailSALT LAKE CITY-Friday, Utah men’s tennis announced its schedule for 2018-19. This is highlighted by 15 home matches at the Eccles Tennis Center.The Utes’ fall season consists of three tournaments, commencing in October. These are match-ups at the ITA Regionals October 15-19 at Las Vegas, The Gopher Invitational November 2-4 at Minneapolis and the Loyola Marymount Invitational November 9-11 at Los Angeles.In 2019, the Utes will face off against bitter rival Brigham Young January 12 at Provo with their home opener occurring January 19 as they host Weber State and Montana State.Pac-12 play commences March 8 and 9 as they host UCLA and USC respectively.The Utes’ home schedule concludes April 6 and 7 as they square off against California and Stanford.The regular season concludes with the Utes visiting Tucson, Ariz. and Tempe, Ariz. April 12 and 13 against Arizona and Arizona State, respectively.The Pac-12 tournament runs from April 23-27 at Ojai, Calif. as the NCAA regionals commence May 10. Tags: Arizona/Arizona State/BYU/California/Eccles Tennis Center/Montana State/Stanford/UCLA/USC/Utah Men’s Tennis/Weber State August 10, 2018 /Sports News – Local Utah Men’s Tennis Announces 2018-19 Schedule Written by Brad Jameslast_img read more

Chevler has international expansion plans

first_imgChevler has said it is looking to increase its market share in Europe and the US following a number of new contracts and increased sales.Manufacturing baking cases and muffin wraps the South Wales firm has expanded its range of cases by investing £300,000 in new equipment since the firm was created following a management buy-out in February 2009.Backed by a £525,000 debt investment from Finance Wales, it has secured a number of contracts with distributors and commercial bakeries in continental Europe and North America.Chevler currently manufactures over one billion baking cases a year in some 600 shapes and sizes at its two facilities in Hengoed.“We have recorded a profit in our first year despite the rising costs of raw materials and the generally challenging economic climate,” said David Anthony, finance director at Chevler. “Overall sales have increased by seven per cent during 2009-2010 and by 15 per cent in the current financial year.“We are now looking to increase our market share in Europe and the USA whilst ensuring we continue to deliver fast and satisfy our customers’ requirements.”>>Chevler brings in new system to fit demandlast_img read more

Tree History

first_img Kim Coder is a forester with the University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources. Experts/Sources: A tree is part of many people’s holiday season. Cutting your own tree,selecting one at the locallot or bringing in a living tree are all part of modern family traditions.To many, decorating a tree marks the beginning of the holiday season.Everyone in the homesenses the aroma, beauty and special adventure of having a tree. Butin America, it wasn’t alwayswidely associated with the winter holidays.The roots (no pun intended) of tree use can be traced back before thebirth of Jesus Christ to earlyEgyptians who would bring palms indoors as symbols of eternal life.Ancient Jewish religiousfeasts included decorations made of tree boughs.In the Western world, most experts think our holiday use of trees derivesfrom Rome. TheRomans exchanged tree boughs with friends for luck, and they celebratedtheir winter festival bydecorating the house with tree boughs and greenery. They paraded treesaround with candles andtrinkets attached to the branches.Many Christian traditions were borrowed from older pagan celebrations.Pope Gregory I, aroundA.D. 600, told churchmen to encourage harmless folk customs, such asthe use of greenery andtrees, where they could make Christian interpretations.In the 700s, St. Boniface encouraged pagan nature worshipers to stayout of the dark forest andtake a tree indoors to worship in the light and warmth of the one trueGod.Across Europe, people used tree-based folk tales to teach children aboutthe celebration ofChrist’s birth. The evergreen tree’s symbolism of eternal life wasstrong.Martin Luther may have begun the modern Christmas tree tradition inGermany around 1500. Itwas said that Luther was walking on a bright, snow-covered, star-litnight, pondering the birth ofChrist. He was enthralled by the evergreen trees, the stars and thelandscape.Luther took a tree inside and put candles on it to try to representthe majesty he felt about Christ’sbirth. By the early 1600s, many German towns were celebrating Christmaswith elaboratelydecorated trees.German mercenaries fighting for the British in the Revolutionary Warbrought the Christmas treetradition to the United States.But old Puritan doctrine banned any celebration at Christmas. Holidayfestivities around adecorated tree took a while to become established in America.In the 1840s, the use of Christmas trees across the Christian worldexploded. From the royalfamily in England to the elite of America, Christmas trees were fashionable.In 1851, the first retail tree lot was set up on a sidewalk in New YorkCity and sold out quickly.The White House led the way to holiday trees. The first U.S. Presidentto show off his WhiteHouse tree was Franklin Pierce. Benjamin Harrison declared his WhiteHouse tree to be part ofan old-fashioned American tradition in 1889.By the 1880s, the Christmas tree market was large. Large numbers ofwild trees were harvestedfrom the native forests.Theodore Roosevelt decided that for the sake of forest conservationthe White House would nothave a Christmas tree. But his two sons sneaked a small tree into theirroom and were caught, totheir father’s embarrassment.Today, the Christmas tradition that came to this country as “Germantoys” has multigenerationaland multicultural identity. The sense of identifying holiday treeswith family and friends issocially important.Take a moment to truly look at your tree this year and see the historyin it.center_img Kim D. Coderlast_img read more

Young Scholars Program

first_imgFor the past 25 summers, high school students from across Georgia have worked side by side with scientists at the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences through the Young Scholars Program. Many of these students credit this first taste of life in a laboratory and on a university campus with launching their careers in science. Currently, 12 former Young Scholars are pursuing undergraduate degrees at CAES and more are pursuing other fields of study at UGA or working toward graduate degrees at other universities. “For six weeks I was given the opportunity to work with actual professors, who are elites in their fields of study. I presented all the research that I did with my professor and competed to win first place at the competition. Who wouldn’t want to be a part of this amazing program?” Ayodele Dare, a current UGA biological science major, said. The Young Scholars Program is one of the most successful STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) mentoring programs in the nation, said Scott Angle, dean and director of CAES. “We hope that these kids decide they want to go to college, study science and come to the University of Georgia, especially to the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,” Angle said. “They think science, they live science, for six weeks during their summer internship, and they conduct real research. They get scientific exposure, and they almost get to see what it’s like to be a graduate student.” In addition to learning more about careers in science, young scholar students learn what it’s like to be a member of the workforce. Working in the Young Scholars Program is often the first job experience for many of these students. They learn how to keep a schedule, maintain a time sheet, interact with a diverse community of co-workers, keep records of their work and share the results of that work with their peers. And, they receive a modest paycheck. Former young scholar and UGA graduate Narke Norton now helps coordinate the program. He plans to go to law school next fall and credits his success in college, in part, to his YSP experience. “Some of the benefits of the Young Scholars Program to the University of Georgia student transition [process] are that it provides experience, opportunities and inclusion,” Norton said. “Students have an easier adjustment to UGA and campus life because of what YSP offers. Our office is a place of comfort for many former young scholars. They see it as a safe haven.” (The program is housed in the UGA CAES Office of Diversity Relations on the Athens campus.) As a new UGA student, Dare said the program helped him adjust to life on a college campus. “When I came to the University of Georgia, I was so unsure [of whether] I would make any friends or connections my first year in college,” he said. “But through YSP, I met numerous faculty and staff in the College of Ag. Now they push me to go beyond what I can [already] do and place me in leadership roles they know I can do well in. Slowly but surely, I am becoming a leader who can take charge and make a mark on this world that can never be erased.” Young Scholars is designed to entice students to study science at CAES and expand their view of agriculture. When high school students hear the word “agriculture,” they often think of milking cows and driving a tractor. The program helps them see that agriculture also means plant breeding and working in advanced genetics and biotechnology. “Our goal is to try to expose young people to what the opportunities are, so they will want to study agriculture at the University of Georgia,” Angle said. “Everyone who graduates [from our college] ends up with a job. We have the second highest starting salary of any of the colleges at the university.” The Young Scholars Program is an expansion of the Georgia Station Mentor Program that began on the UGA Griffin Campus in 1989. In the 1990s, the program expanded to include the Athens campus after former CAES Dean Gale Buchanan signed an agreement with Morgan County High School to develop an internship program. In 1999, the program was renamed the Young Scholars Program. The program now places selected students with mentor scientists on UGA’s campuses in Griffin, Tifton and Athens. Students must be at least rising high school sophomores and 16 years of age or older to participate in the program. For more information or to apply, go to the Young Scholars Program’s website or contact Victoria David, Young Scholars Program coordinator, at (706) 542-8826. The deadline to apply for the 2015 program is Jan. 31, 2015.last_img read more

Board rules on lawyer advertising appeal

first_img July 1, 2006 Regular News Board rules on lawyer advertising appeal Board rules on lawyer advertising appealcenter_img It is permissible for a lawyer to say he is “working” to get a recovery for clients who have been injured in boating accidents.The Bar Board of Governors, acting on the recommendation of the Board Review Committee on Professional Ethics, voted in June to overturn a finding by Bar staff and the Standing Committee on Advertising that language in the lawyer’s ad created an unjustified expectation.The language was in a television ad proposed by the lawyer, which said in part, “for more than 10 years I’ve stood side by side with fellow boaters, working to get compensation for their injuries.”Bar staff and the advertising committee felt the last phrase could create unjustified expectations, noting similar language had been rejected in other ads.But Steve Chaykin, chair of the BRC, said his committee, which advises the board on advertising appeals, disagreed by a 3-2 vote.“In my mind, I can’t see that huge of a difference between striving and trying [words that have been allowed in earlier ads] and working,” said board member Greg Coleman, agreeing with Chaykin. “[The lawyer] aptly points out. . . this is not saying more than what we would expect a lawyer to do, which is work for his clients.”Board member Gary Leppla disagreed, noting that it wasn’t just the word “working” that caused the problem, but the pledge “working to get compensation.” He added that it would effectively overturn earlier rulings by the board.But the board, on a voice vote, agreed to approve the ad, with several board members dissenting.last_img read more

International CU Day: Boost website engagement with member success stories

first_imgThe theme for this year’s ICU Day asks credit unions and members to “Find Your Platinum Lining in Credit Unions”. The World Council of Credit Unions (WOOCU), which is the organization that hosts ICU Day, wrote, “The ultimate goal is to raise awareness about the tremendous work that credit unions are doing around the world and give members the opportunity to get more engaged”.Promotional vs. educational content: why not both?Member engagement can be encouraged in a variety of ways, but price-based promotions seem to be the favorite of credit union marketers. Promoting a deal on price (e.g., rates, free money when opening an account, etc.) can definitely increase applications for loans and deposits , but that may not be the best form of promotion. In one of our previous articles, “Why Educating is Better than Promoting,” we explained how promotional ads mainly attract those who are already interested in a particular product or service, but fail to generate interest from people who aren’t looking to sign up right now. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

Egypt has latest H5N1 case

first_imgJul 23, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A World Health Organization (WHO) official in Cairo said yesterday that test results in a 25-year-old Egyptian woman were positive for H5N1 avian influenza.The country’s state news agency, MENA, said the woman is from the Nile Delta’s Damietta province in northern Egypt, according to a Reuters report yesterday. She came down with a high fever 3 days ago and is in good condition after receiving oseltamivir, MENA reported.John Jabbour, a WHO representative in Egypt, told Reuters the woman reportedly got sick after she had contact with dead household birds. If her case is confirmed by the WHO she will become Egypt’s 38th case-patient. For now, Egypt’s official count stands at 37 cases and 15 deaths.Egyptian officials had projected that H5N1 activity would wane during the hot summer months, as it did during 2006 when there were no human cases between May and October, Reuters reported. However, the country continues to report sporadic cases; Egypt’s last case was reported in late June.last_img read more

Three new airlines are being introduced from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia

first_imgIt was at the Vakantiebeurs fair that new airlines from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia were arranged.  It is the largest tourist fair intended for business and the general public in the Benelux area, and at the jubilee 50th edition This year’s fair is attended by more than 1000 exhibitors as well as the Croatian National Tourist Board with 18 domestic co-exhibitors. “We are extremely pleased with the growing interest of airlines in Croatia, as evidenced by the announcement of the introduction of three new airlines from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia this year, Easyjet flights from Amsterdam to Zadar, Ryanair from Maastricht to Zadar and TUIfly from Brussels for Pula” he said Ivan Novak, Director of the CNTB Representation for the Benelux countries. The Vakantiebeurs tourism fair is being held in the Dutch city of Utrecht from 15 to 19 January. center_img Photo: Pexels.com During 2019, almost 500 arrivals and about 3 million overnight stays were made from the Dutch market.last_img read more

Health Benefits of Marriage are Unique to Male-Female Unions – Study

first_imgRuth Institute 12 June 2013A new study in the Journal of Epidemiology followed 6.5 million Danish persons for nearly 30 years (for a total of 112.5 million person-years) looking at how living arrangements (being single, cohabiting, married, widowed or in a same-sex union) affected their health outcomes.From the official abstract:“[Hazard Ratios] for overall mortality changed markedly over time, most notably for persons in same-sex marriage. In 2000–2011, opposite-sex married persons (reference, HR = 1) had consistently lower mortality than persons in other marital status categories in women (HRs 1.37–1.89) and men (HRs 1.37–1.66). Mortality was particularly high for same-sex married women (HR = 1.89), notably from suicide (HR = 6.40) and cancer (HR = 1.62), whereas rates for same-sex married men (HR = 1.38) were equal to or lower than those for unmarried, divorced and widowed men. Prior marriages (whether opposite-sex or same-sex) were associated with increased mortality in both women and men (HR = 1.16–1.45 per additional prior marriage).”The conclusion of the authors:“Our study provides a detailed account of living arrangements and their associations with mortality over three decades, thus yielding accurate and statistically powerful analyses of public health relevance to countries with marriage and cohabitation patterns comparable to Denmark’s. Of note, mortality among same-sex married men has declined markedly since the mid-1990s and is now at or below that of unmarried, divorced and widowed men, whereas same-sex married women emerge as the group of women with highest and, in recent years, even further increasing mortality.”While this is just one study that needs to be supplemented by more research, it does suggest that the health benefits of marriage may be unique to the male-female union. Governments may try to legislate a revised version of “marriage,” but they cannot legislate the health and longevity benefits that come from a man marrying a woman.”http://www.ruthblog.org/2013/06/12/new-danish-study-of-6-5-million-health-benefits-of-marriage-are-unique-to-male-female-unions/last_img read more