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Tree History

first_img Kim Coder is a forester with the University of Georgia Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources. Experts/Sources: A tree is part of many people’s holiday season. Cutting your own tree,selecting one at the locallot or bringing in a living tree are all part of modern family traditions.To many, decorating a tree marks the beginning of the holiday season.Everyone in the homesenses the aroma, beauty and special adventure of having a tree. Butin America, it wasn’t alwayswidely associated with the winter holidays.The roots (no pun intended) of tree use can be traced back before thebirth of Jesus Christ to earlyEgyptians who would bring palms indoors as symbols of eternal life.Ancient Jewish religiousfeasts included decorations made of tree boughs.In the Western world, most experts think our holiday use of trees derivesfrom Rome. TheRomans exchanged tree boughs with friends for luck, and they celebratedtheir winter festival bydecorating the house with tree boughs and greenery. They paraded treesaround with candles andtrinkets attached to the branches.Many Christian traditions were borrowed from older pagan celebrations.Pope Gregory I, aroundA.D. 600, told churchmen to encourage harmless folk customs, such asthe use of greenery andtrees, where they could make Christian interpretations.In the 700s, St. Boniface encouraged pagan nature worshipers to stayout of the dark forest andtake a tree indoors to worship in the light and warmth of the one trueGod.Across Europe, people used tree-based folk tales to teach children aboutthe celebration ofChrist’s birth. The evergreen tree’s symbolism of eternal life wasstrong.Martin Luther may have begun the modern Christmas tree tradition inGermany around 1500. Itwas said that Luther was walking on a bright, snow-covered, star-litnight, pondering the birth ofChrist. He was enthralled by the evergreen trees, the stars and thelandscape.Luther took a tree inside and put candles on it to try to representthe majesty he felt about Christ’sbirth. By the early 1600s, many German towns were celebrating Christmaswith elaboratelydecorated trees.German mercenaries fighting for the British in the Revolutionary Warbrought the Christmas treetradition to the United States.But old Puritan doctrine banned any celebration at Christmas. Holidayfestivities around adecorated tree took a while to become established in America.In the 1840s, the use of Christmas trees across the Christian worldexploded. From the royalfamily in England to the elite of America, Christmas trees were fashionable.In 1851, the first retail tree lot was set up on a sidewalk in New YorkCity and sold out quickly.The White House led the way to holiday trees. The first U.S. Presidentto show off his WhiteHouse tree was Franklin Pierce. Benjamin Harrison declared his WhiteHouse tree to be part ofan old-fashioned American tradition in 1889.By the 1880s, the Christmas tree market was large. Large numbers ofwild trees were harvestedfrom the native forests.Theodore Roosevelt decided that for the sake of forest conservationthe White House would nothave a Christmas tree. But his two sons sneaked a small tree into theirroom and were caught, totheir father’s embarrassment.Today, the Christmas tradition that came to this country as “Germantoys” has multigenerationaland multicultural identity. The sense of identifying holiday treeswith family and friends issocially important.Take a moment to truly look at your tree this year and see the historyin it.center_img Kim D. Coderlast_img read more

Young Scholars Program

first_imgFor the past 25 summers, high school students from across Georgia have worked side by side with scientists at the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences through the Young Scholars Program. Many of these students credit this first taste of life in a laboratory and on a university campus with launching their careers in science. Currently, 12 former Young Scholars are pursuing undergraduate degrees at CAES and more are pursuing other fields of study at UGA or working toward graduate degrees at other universities. “For six weeks I was given the opportunity to work with actual professors, who are elites in their fields of study. I presented all the research that I did with my professor and competed to win first place at the competition. Who wouldn’t want to be a part of this amazing program?” Ayodele Dare, a current UGA biological science major, said. The Young Scholars Program is one of the most successful STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) mentoring programs in the nation, said Scott Angle, dean and director of CAES. “We hope that these kids decide they want to go to college, study science and come to the University of Georgia, especially to the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,” Angle said. “They think science, they live science, for six weeks during their summer internship, and they conduct real research. They get scientific exposure, and they almost get to see what it’s like to be a graduate student.” In addition to learning more about careers in science, young scholar students learn what it’s like to be a member of the workforce. Working in the Young Scholars Program is often the first job experience for many of these students. They learn how to keep a schedule, maintain a time sheet, interact with a diverse community of co-workers, keep records of their work and share the results of that work with their peers. And, they receive a modest paycheck. Former young scholar and UGA graduate Narke Norton now helps coordinate the program. He plans to go to law school next fall and credits his success in college, in part, to his YSP experience. “Some of the benefits of the Young Scholars Program to the University of Georgia student transition [process] are that it provides experience, opportunities and inclusion,” Norton said. “Students have an easier adjustment to UGA and campus life because of what YSP offers. Our office is a place of comfort for many former young scholars. They see it as a safe haven.” (The program is housed in the UGA CAES Office of Diversity Relations on the Athens campus.) As a new UGA student, Dare said the program helped him adjust to life on a college campus. “When I came to the University of Georgia, I was so unsure [of whether] I would make any friends or connections my first year in college,” he said. “But through YSP, I met numerous faculty and staff in the College of Ag. Now they push me to go beyond what I can [already] do and place me in leadership roles they know I can do well in. Slowly but surely, I am becoming a leader who can take charge and make a mark on this world that can never be erased.” Young Scholars is designed to entice students to study science at CAES and expand their view of agriculture. When high school students hear the word “agriculture,” they often think of milking cows and driving a tractor. The program helps them see that agriculture also means plant breeding and working in advanced genetics and biotechnology. “Our goal is to try to expose young people to what the opportunities are, so they will want to study agriculture at the University of Georgia,” Angle said. “Everyone who graduates [from our college] ends up with a job. We have the second highest starting salary of any of the colleges at the university.” The Young Scholars Program is an expansion of the Georgia Station Mentor Program that began on the UGA Griffin Campus in 1989. In the 1990s, the program expanded to include the Athens campus after former CAES Dean Gale Buchanan signed an agreement with Morgan County High School to develop an internship program. In 1999, the program was renamed the Young Scholars Program. The program now places selected students with mentor scientists on UGA’s campuses in Griffin, Tifton and Athens. Students must be at least rising high school sophomores and 16 years of age or older to participate in the program. For more information or to apply, go to the Young Scholars Program’s website or contact Victoria David, Young Scholars Program coordinator, at (706) 542-8826. The deadline to apply for the 2015 program is Jan. 31, 2015.last_img read more

Board rules on lawyer advertising appeal

first_img July 1, 2006 Regular News Board rules on lawyer advertising appeal Board rules on lawyer advertising appealcenter_img It is permissible for a lawyer to say he is “working” to get a recovery for clients who have been injured in boating accidents.The Bar Board of Governors, acting on the recommendation of the Board Review Committee on Professional Ethics, voted in June to overturn a finding by Bar staff and the Standing Committee on Advertising that language in the lawyer’s ad created an unjustified expectation.The language was in a television ad proposed by the lawyer, which said in part, “for more than 10 years I’ve stood side by side with fellow boaters, working to get compensation for their injuries.”Bar staff and the advertising committee felt the last phrase could create unjustified expectations, noting similar language had been rejected in other ads.But Steve Chaykin, chair of the BRC, said his committee, which advises the board on advertising appeals, disagreed by a 3-2 vote.“In my mind, I can’t see that huge of a difference between striving and trying [words that have been allowed in earlier ads] and working,” said board member Greg Coleman, agreeing with Chaykin. “[The lawyer] aptly points out. . . this is not saying more than what we would expect a lawyer to do, which is work for his clients.”Board member Gary Leppla disagreed, noting that it wasn’t just the word “working” that caused the problem, but the pledge “working to get compensation.” He added that it would effectively overturn earlier rulings by the board.But the board, on a voice vote, agreed to approve the ad, with several board members dissenting.last_img read more

International CU Day: Boost website engagement with member success stories

first_imgThe theme for this year’s ICU Day asks credit unions and members to “Find Your Platinum Lining in Credit Unions”. The World Council of Credit Unions (WOOCU), which is the organization that hosts ICU Day, wrote, “The ultimate goal is to raise awareness about the tremendous work that credit unions are doing around the world and give members the opportunity to get more engaged”.Promotional vs. educational content: why not both?Member engagement can be encouraged in a variety of ways, but price-based promotions seem to be the favorite of credit union marketers. Promoting a deal on price (e.g., rates, free money when opening an account, etc.) can definitely increase applications for loans and deposits , but that may not be the best form of promotion. In one of our previous articles, “Why Educating is Better than Promoting,” we explained how promotional ads mainly attract those who are already interested in a particular product or service, but fail to generate interest from people who aren’t looking to sign up right now. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »last_img read more

Egypt has latest H5N1 case

first_imgJul 23, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A World Health Organization (WHO) official in Cairo said yesterday that test results in a 25-year-old Egyptian woman were positive for H5N1 avian influenza.The country’s state news agency, MENA, said the woman is from the Nile Delta’s Damietta province in northern Egypt, according to a Reuters report yesterday. She came down with a high fever 3 days ago and is in good condition after receiving oseltamivir, MENA reported.John Jabbour, a WHO representative in Egypt, told Reuters the woman reportedly got sick after she had contact with dead household birds. If her case is confirmed by the WHO she will become Egypt’s 38th case-patient. For now, Egypt’s official count stands at 37 cases and 15 deaths.Egyptian officials had projected that H5N1 activity would wane during the hot summer months, as it did during 2006 when there were no human cases between May and October, Reuters reported. However, the country continues to report sporadic cases; Egypt’s last case was reported in late June.last_img read more

Three new airlines are being introduced from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia

first_imgIt was at the Vakantiebeurs fair that new airlines from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia were arranged.  It is the largest tourist fair intended for business and the general public in the Benelux area, and at the jubilee 50th edition This year’s fair is attended by more than 1000 exhibitors as well as the Croatian National Tourist Board with 18 domestic co-exhibitors. “We are extremely pleased with the growing interest of airlines in Croatia, as evidenced by the announcement of the introduction of three new airlines from the Netherlands and Belgium to Croatia this year, Easyjet flights from Amsterdam to Zadar, Ryanair from Maastricht to Zadar and TUIfly from Brussels for Pula” he said Ivan Novak, Director of the CNTB Representation for the Benelux countries. The Vakantiebeurs tourism fair is being held in the Dutch city of Utrecht from 15 to 19 January. center_img Photo: Pexels.com During 2019, almost 500 arrivals and about 3 million overnight stays were made from the Dutch market.last_img read more

Health Benefits of Marriage are Unique to Male-Female Unions – Study

first_imgRuth Institute 12 June 2013A new study in the Journal of Epidemiology followed 6.5 million Danish persons for nearly 30 years (for a total of 112.5 million person-years) looking at how living arrangements (being single, cohabiting, married, widowed or in a same-sex union) affected their health outcomes.From the official abstract:“[Hazard Ratios] for overall mortality changed markedly over time, most notably for persons in same-sex marriage. In 2000–2011, opposite-sex married persons (reference, HR = 1) had consistently lower mortality than persons in other marital status categories in women (HRs 1.37–1.89) and men (HRs 1.37–1.66). Mortality was particularly high for same-sex married women (HR = 1.89), notably from suicide (HR = 6.40) and cancer (HR = 1.62), whereas rates for same-sex married men (HR = 1.38) were equal to or lower than those for unmarried, divorced and widowed men. Prior marriages (whether opposite-sex or same-sex) were associated with increased mortality in both women and men (HR = 1.16–1.45 per additional prior marriage).”The conclusion of the authors:“Our study provides a detailed account of living arrangements and their associations with mortality over three decades, thus yielding accurate and statistically powerful analyses of public health relevance to countries with marriage and cohabitation patterns comparable to Denmark’s. Of note, mortality among same-sex married men has declined markedly since the mid-1990s and is now at or below that of unmarried, divorced and widowed men, whereas same-sex married women emerge as the group of women with highest and, in recent years, even further increasing mortality.”While this is just one study that needs to be supplemented by more research, it does suggest that the health benefits of marriage may be unique to the male-female union. Governments may try to legislate a revised version of “marriage,” but they cannot legislate the health and longevity benefits that come from a man marrying a woman.”http://www.ruthblog.org/2013/06/12/new-danish-study-of-6-5-million-health-benefits-of-marriage-are-unique-to-male-female-unions/last_img read more

Swift Springs renews IMCA rookie award program

first_img“A new season brings a new set of rookie drivers to IMCA racing and programs like the one we have with Swift only increases the anticipation,” observed IMCA Marketing Director Kevin Yoder. “We have seen a real infusion of teenagers capturing rookie of the year awards the past few seasons and we are excited to see what the future holds for our up-and-coming drivers.” Information about Swift-made springs is available at the www.swiftsprings.com website or by calling 909 393-8623. CHINO HILLS, Calif. – Top rookie drivers in five divisions earn product awards from Swift Springs again in 2020.  “Swift Springs is please to be back for 2020 to support the IMCA programs. We believe that while racing is strong, we continually need to attract new racers,” said Swift Springs Motorsports Director Frank Simonetti. “Rookies of the year play a vital part of the future of our sport as well as rewarding the champions who have worked so hard to make it to the top. Swift Springs has been fortunate to see amazing growth the last few years with IMCA and winning numerous national championships and we look forward to an even brighter future together.” The other four regional Modified rookies of the year each receive one spring. The IMCA Modified, IMCA Late Model, IMCA Sunoco Stock Car, Karl Kustoms Northern SportMod and Smiley’s Racing Prod­ucts Southern SportMod national rookies of the year all receive sets of four springs from the Chino Hills, Calif., manufacturer. The 2020 season will be Swift Springs’ fourth as an IMCA sponsor and awards will be presented during the national banquet in November, or mailed begin­ning the following week from the IMCA home office.last_img read more

Romeu commits to Chelsea

first_imgMidfielder Oriol Romeu has signed a three-year contract extension with Chelsea, the Barclays Premier League club have announced. That was Romeu’s first appearance for the Blues since he suffered an anterior cruciate ligament injury at Sunderland in December 2012. Press Associationcenter_img The 22-year-old, who joined the Blues from Barcelona in 2011, is now tied to Stamford Bridge until 2017. The former Spain Under-21 international spent last season on loan at Valencia in his homeland, but returned to Chelsea this summer and played in Wednesday night’s 5-0 friendly win over Wycombe. last_img read more

Lady Mariners Drop Double Header to UMPI

first_img Latest posts by admin (see all) State budget vs. job creation – January 22, 2015 admin CASTINE — The Lady Mariners rocky start to their season continued on Wednesday, as they lost 9-2 and 10-0 to the Owls of UMaine Presque Isle in a non-conference double header at Ritchie Field. Freshman catcher Kayla Higgins (Sullivan, ME) led the MMA offensive attack in the first game with three hits and two RBI’s while smashing her first home run of 2009 over the right field fence. Sophomore outfielder Megan Russell (Peru, ME) went 2 for 4 with a run scored while Mallery Stanley (Standish, ME) collected one hit. Mallery Stanley got the start on the mound for MMA and gave up 9 hits, 10 walks and 9 runs in the loss.Maine Maritime dropped to 0-7 on the season, losing the second game of the double header 10-0 to the Owls. The Lady Mariners and the Owls were tied at 0-0 through four innings before the bats came alive for UMPI scoring 4 runs in the 5th and 6 runs in the 6th to put away MMA. MMA’s mustered only two hits, both coming from their lead off batter Megan Russell. The Lady Mariners were hampered by 2 costly errors and 15 walks on their way to losing in 6 innings.For complete story, pick up a copy of The Ellsworth American. Hancock County Court News Nov. 3 thorugh Dec. 11 – January 22, 2015 This is placeholder textThis is placeholder text Bio House fire in Winter Harbor – October 27, 2014 Latest Postslast_img read more