Share12Tweet8Share6Email26 Shares“#resist” by Charlene McBrideJune 22, 2017; ABC NewsBefore we go into the next steps on the Obamacare “repeal and replace” bill from the Senate, we want to point out that disability advocates were the only obvious protestors on Capitol Hill yesterday despite the heinous potential effects of the legislation on millions of vulnerable people. It strikes us that the arcane, multi-phase process and the uncertainty of the outcome in contrast to the quick shock of a flatfooted presidential decree may have slowed the “resistance.” Nonprofit organizations with healthcare missions, as well as nonprofits concerned about social justice, have a limited but intense opportunity to make their voices heard.In companion pieces published today, NPQ discussed the key elements and reactions to the Senate GOP’s version of the House-passed American Health Care Act (AHCA). For those interested in the technical details of legislative process on Capitol Hill as they affect the potential repeal, replacement, or modification of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), we explore the next steps in the saga.Both the House’s AHCA and the Senate’s “Better Choice Reconciliation Act of 2017” (BCRA) are intended to be components of a much larger process called budget reconciliation. One budget reconciliation bill is passed annually, including any number of government revenue and expense provisions intended to reconcile provisions and estimates included in other legislation passed during the year. The votes on the AHCA and the BCRA are votes on whether the bills’ language should be included in the annual budget reconciliation act.Putting some version of the AHCA or the BCRA into budget reconciliation is important because it makes the bill filibuster-proof in the Senate. Why? Under Senate rules, budget reconciliation bills are an exception to the rule that 60 votes are required to end debate on legislation and allow for an up-or-down vote. The explanation for this lies in the theory that budget reconciliation is a technical and financial process rather than a policy-setting process. Of course, a budget is the monetary expression of an individual’s or organization’s values and priorities, so the reconciliation process definitely affects policy. Budget reconciliation was used by Democrats to pass the key financial elements of the ACA by a single vote (and no GOP support) in 2010, and it’s now being used in an attempt to repeal or replace key provisions of that law with no anticipated Democratic support.The BCRA will be moved to the Senate floor for an estimated 20 hours of debate and final vote as soon as next week. By then, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) will have performed its evaluation of the bill and “scored” the budgetary and other effects of the bill, should it ultimately become law. The bill will be open to a large number of amendments, and the spectacle of “vote-a-rama” will grip Senate-watchers “until a state of exhaustion sets in” for senators, according to one official quoted by ABC. Many estimates of the number of amendments range from 50 to 100 (though one activist advocates for 40,000 amendments), which would delay a final Senate vote on the BCRA (or anything else, for that matter) until after the 2018 elections.The final amendment in budget reconciliation is called a “wraparound amendment” and is the exclusive prerogative of the Senate Majority Leader, Mitch McConnell (R-KY). This amendment gives McConnell great power and discretion to craft the final version of the bill being voted on. It also gives him the opportunity to use the amendment to reward or punish specific senators and their interests. This means that McConnell will be beset by his colleagues, lobbyists, and interest groups potentially affected by the bill to include their favored changes in the legislation.To pass, the bill still requires a minimum of 50 senators voting in the affirmative, plus Vice President Mike Pence waiting in the wings to cast the deciding vote breaking a 50-50 tie. As NPQ notes in a newswire today, the “whip count” of how a vote would turn out is very dicey at present. Four of 52 GOP senators have announced they are not ready to vote for the bill, and two Democratic senators have said they are willing to participate in the amendment process in a constructive (as opposed to obstructionist) way. Even if the BCRA passes the Senate, its toughest tests are ahead of it.Since there are differences between the House-passed AHCA and the Senate’s BCRA, those differences would have to be negotiated in a conference committee of House and Senate members. Assuming a compromise is reached, that compromise would need to be passed by both the House and the Senate – a daunting task considering the delicate balancing done already to keep GOP conservatives and moderates on board with either (but not both) of the two versions so far.President Trump has not yet signaled support or opposition to the BCRA. On Tuesday, he referred to the ACHA as “mean” and said the Senate should make the health care legislation “generous, kind, (and) with heart.” Typically, legislators and presidents often withhold their support or opposition while legislation is still being drafted and amended. This keeps them from being surprised by amendments they oppose to bills they support (or vice versa). It also allows them to choose the time when their support or opposition has the most impact and be most advantageous to their political interests. While it is expected that Trump will support any “repeal and replace” legislation, the possibility exists that the Senate GOP will fail to get the required 50 votes for passage. If passage appears unlikely, Trump may withhold support and blame Congress for its failure rather than share in that Republican failure.Some pundits believe that McConnell is engineering the process in such a way that the ACA repeal-and-replace effort will ultimately fail in such a way as to leave Senate Republicans with the lesser share of the blame. This school of thought relies on the belief that the BCRA will be influenced by Senate GOP moderates to a point where its key provisions are rejected by House conservatives whose extremism could them be blamed for much of the failure.Again, nonprofit organizations have a limited, but intense, opportunity to make their voices heard. They need to make the case for legislation that helps people rather than harms them, that increases security rather than intensifies uncertainty.—Michael WylandShare12Tweet8Share6Email26 Shares
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They played on a very high level and pressed well to squeeze us out.It was a dream start for Manchester United this season as Jose Mourinho’s men scored for fun in season-opener against West Ham United and then repeated it against Swansea City a week later a final decision won’t be made until spring 2014 when the EIS is done"We have seen no reason the government has given for seeking to unmask this speaker’s identity, his toughest and tenderest his roughest written and most mellifluous his most realistic and in its ending his most melodramatic his angriest and most idyllic” That anger resonated through the decades and throughout popular culturefrom say the 1941 Woody Guthrie ballad “Tom Joad” to Bruce Springsteen’s 1995 “The Ghost of Tom Joad” The echoes haven’t faded In 2010 choosing The Grapes of Wrath as one of the all-TIME 100 Novels (published since 1923) Lev Grossman wrote of the Joads: “their indomitable strength in the face of an entire continents worth of adversity makes Steinbecks epic far more than a history of unfortunate events: Its both a record of its time and a permanent monument to human perseverance” The same can be said of the film version of The Grapes of Wrath Starring Henry Fonda as Tom Joad and directed by John Ford it had its world premiere in New York City on Jan 24 194075 years ago today The movie which would be named the year’s Best Film by the New York Film Critics Circle was greeted with hosannahs from pertinent reviewers One was Frank S Nugent of the New York Times who wrote that the movie deserved a place on that “small uncrowded shelf devoted to the cinema’s masterworks to those films which by dignity of theme and excellence of treatment seem to be of enduring artistry seem destined to be recalled not merely at the end of their particular year but whenever great motion pictures are mentioned” Years later Nugent would write screenplays for 11 Ford films including their joint masterpiece The Searchers But his Times review was no preemptive apple polishing for a future employer simply the expression of the majority opinion The man who reviewed The Grapes of Wrath for TIME had a more complex career biography Before coming to the magazine in 1939 Whitaker Chambers had already translated Felix Salten’s Bambi into English written journalism and poetry for the Communist paper The Daily Worker and fiction for The New Masses and served as a spy for the USSR against the US government Riven by news of the 1938 Moscow Trials Chambers defected from the Party and was hired by TIME Toward the end of his tenure as Senior Editor he was the star witness testifying against Alger Hiss in the most prominent espionage trial of the postwar years TIME has harbored some famous movie criticsJames Agee Manny Farber Richard Schickelbut none so notorious Chambers poured a vat of his conflicted political passions into his rave review of the Grapes of Wrath movie which he saw as an improvement on the Agitprop aspects of the book: It will be a red rag to bull-mad Californians who may or may not boycott it Others who were merely annoyed at the exaggerations propaganda and phony pathos of John Steinbeck’s best selling novel may just stay away Pinkos who did not bat an eye when the Soviet Government exterminated 3000000 peasants by famine will go for a good cry over the hardships of the Okies But people who go to pictures for the sake of seeing pictures will see a great one For The Grapes of Wrath is possibly the best picture ever made from a so-so book It is certainly the best picture Darryl F Zanuck has produced or Nunnally Johnson scripted It would be the best John Ford had directed if he had not already made The Informer Read TIMEs Feb 1940 review of The Grapes of Wrath free of charge here in the archives: The New Pictures The 1930s birthed two great agrarian novels: Gone With the Wind from the viewpoint of the ruling class The Grapes of Wrath for the underclass And both were turned into movies that dared to be true to the books’ controversial themes Just six weeks after David O Selznick’s epic adaptation of the Margaret Mitchell novel premiered in Atlanta on its way to becoming the most popular film of all time 20th Century-Fox hosted the New York City opening of The Grapes of Wrath The property had gone from first printing of the book to finished film adaptation in about nine months Everything happened faster back then Gone With the Wind the decade’s best-selling novel had been a natural for the movies though its rosy view of slavery seems a harsh delusion today Hollywood had long romanticized the antebellum South as a home of vanished gentility; DW Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation depicting the Ku Klux Klan as Arthurian knights freeing Southern gentlewomen from their black oppressors was the first blockbuster feature film exactly 100 years ago In 1939 though Steinbeck’s migrants’ tale was much more immediate: a scorched-earth headline a suppurating wound The book had been banned in Kern County Cal, Ricciardo would be up against four-time F1 champions in Hamilton and Vettel, headed up by the all Democrat loyalists, A GoFundMe page set up with a $5.
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